FAFSA Independent Students: Who Qualifies & What Do You Get?

Financial aid allows a lot of college students to graduate successfully. With student loans, it will be possible to cover tuition, fees, accommodation, books, transport, and many other college-related expenses.

Getting financial aid is complicated. Students don’t get to decide how much help they receive. The information you put in your Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) determines how much aid you receive. FAFSA is simply a form you fill out if you want to get any federal student financial aid – it’s how the federal government gathers the information required to determine the type of loans and grants you should receive. FAFSA also enables the federal government to determine if you are a dependent or independent student by measuring your parent or guardian’s financial capabilities.

FAFSA Dependency Status

Dependent vs. Independent Student

To get the desired outcome, you must establish whether you are a dependent or independent student before applying for FAFSA. The main difference between the two is that dependent students must report their parents’ or guardians’ financial information. In contrast, independent students only disclose their financial information and that of their spouse if married

Dependent Student

Students gain dependent status when they receive financial support from their parents or guardians. Your parents’ or guardians’ financial information, including income and assets owned, is used to determine the Expected Family Contribution (EFC), which will establish how much financial aid you receive. As a dependent student, you will get less financial aid because it is assumed that your family has more financial resources. The government evens out the field so that everyone can have an opportunity to get a college education with this policy.

 Independent Student

Independent students are assumed not to have the financial support of their parents or guardians. As a result, they don’t need to disclose that information in their FAFSA application, and it will not be used when establishing their Expected Family Contribution (EFC). As an independent student, your EFC is calculated using your income, assets, and that of your spouse if married. Independent students are likely to receive more financial aid because they don’t get any money from their parents or guardians.  

FAFSA Independent Student Eligibility Requirements

Your dependency status is determined by the U.S. Department of Education (DOE) based on the information you put on the FAFSA form regarding your financial situation and that of your family. The U.S. Department of Education is guided by the idea that students are responsible for their college expenses. In the case where they are unable to fulfill their duty, their families should step in. 

To qualify as an independent student, you need to meet the following criteria: 

  • Age 24 or older
  • Doctorate or master’s student 
  • Married
  • Parent or guardian of at least one dependent child and pay for more than half of their support
  • An active-duty military service member 
  • A Veteran of the U.S. armed forces
  • Homeless / At risk of becoming homeless
  • Ward of the court or orphan
  • Emancipated minor

How to Apply as a FAFSA Independent Student?

Applying for financial aid can be confusing and scary because you can’t decide to be an independent student, it’s up to the U.S Department of Education (DOE). It is important to note that your FAFSA form passes through your school before it is forwarded to the U.S Department of Education (DOE). To qualify you need to meet at least one of the criteria mentioned above.

Steps to applying for FAFSA

Students can complete an online FAFSA form or print a PDF FAFSA to be mailed. Students can access the FAFSA form on StudentAid.gov on their computer, phone, or tablet. To complete the independent student FAFSA application, you must generate a Federal Student Aid ID (FSA ID), fill out the FAFSA form, and put in your personal information. You also need to list all the schools you have applied to that should receive your FAFSA information, carefully answer the dependency status questions, fill in the financial information section, and finally submit or mail a signed FAFSA form.

Make sure you have the following personal and financial  information easily accessible: 

  • Name (as it appears on your birth certificate and Social Security Card)
  • Date of birth
  • Drivers license number
  • Social Security Number
  • Federal tax return information
  • Assets, including investments, saving accounts, and cash
  • Untaxed income, including child support payments and interest income 

Dependency Status Override

Independent status is rare. However, there are circumstances where a student has been given dependent status, but they don’t have access to their parent’s financial information. Dependency Status Override makes it possible for these students to change their dependency status to independent. 

These particular circumstances may include the following:

  • Your parents or guardians are incarcerated 
  • Your parents or guardians have abandoned you 
  • Your family environment is abusive 
  • You do not know your parent’s or guardian’s whereabouts 
  • Your parents refusing to contribute to your college education or unwillingness to share their financial information does not make you eligible for a dependency status override. 

What You Get as a FAFSA Independent Student?

The information you put on your FAFSA directly influences how much financial help you will receive. In most cases, independent students get more financial aid than dependent students because they have fewer assets and income. Further, they do not have the financial backing of their parents or guardians, which lowers their Expected Family Contribution (EFC). 

Federal student loans, both subsidized and unsubsidized, are based on financial need. The annual loan limit amount for dependent and independent students, subsidized and unsubsidized combined, are different. Independent undergraduate students can borrow up to $9,500 their first year, while dependent students can only borrow $5,500. All graduates are considered independent and can borrow up to $20,500 per year but are only eligible for unsubsidized loans.

FAQs

Does financial aid check your bank account?

FAFSA does not directly look into your bank account. However, if you are randomly selected for verification, you might be asked to provide additional information, such as tax returns.

What disqualifies you from getting financial aid?

Major criminal offenses such as murder, armed robbery, or rape disqualify you from financial aid. Misdemeanors such as possession of drugs or drunk driving might reduce the amount of aid you can receive or limit your eligibility to several programs.

What is the 150 rule for financial aid?

You will receive financial aid until you cover 150% of the credits required to finish your diploma, certificate, or degree.

Final thoughts

Completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is beneficial to you regardless of your dependency status. Applying early increases your chances of receiving federal loans and grants. Federal student loans are popular among students because of their low-interest rates. Independent students gain more from this as they do not have the financial support of their parents or guardians.